Baltic Area Legal Studies BALEX

BALEX is a legal competence cluster aiming at filling the void in legal research, training and events on Baltic Sea issues.

The Baltic Sea is unique in many ways, including the way it is governed and regulated. It is arguably the world's most heavily regulated sea area with up to six layers of regulation acting in parallel. This aspect of the Baltic Sea has not received much attention before the establishment of BALEX.

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BALEX is an international legal competence cluster, established in 2014 in Turku, Finland, by the University of Turku and Åbo Akademi University, and working with collaborators throughout the Baltic Sea region. BALEX aims at filling the current void in legal research and training on Baltic Sea issues. The focus of BALEX is on legal research, interdisciplinary academic and vocational training and public events; the objectives are to:

  • carry out high quality legal research in matters that are of relevance for and common to the Baltic Sea region and to encourage young scientists to engage in Baltic Sea research;

  • offer interdisciplinary and legal academic training for students and researchers, including tailor-made courses on legislation and governance in the region and, in the long term, possibly summer schools or postgraduate programs in Baltic Sea law; and

  • organise guest-lectures, seminars and workshops on topical themes in the region and to provide vocational training on Baltic Sea law for lawyers, decision-makers and other interested parties.

Newsletters, strategy and publications

Newsletter 6 (May 2018)
Newsletter 5 (October 2017)
Newsletter 4 (May 2017)
Newsletter 3 (October 2016)
Newsletter 2 (June 2015)
Newsletter 1 (December 2014)

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Strategy 2018-2021
Publications from research projects and partners

Read here our new assessment of the contribution of the Baltic Sea’s internal nutrient reserves on eutrophication and the legal, political and institutional aspects of potential mitigation measures.

The list of publications compiles publications from BALEX research projects and partners associated with BALEX:

BALEX Publications

More about BALEX


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16.01.2019 16:35 BALEX RT @HELCOMInfo: Fresh in from @SYKEint: Advancing assessment of nutrient load impact on coastal water quality (press release) > https://t.c…

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16.01.2019 11:18 BALEX RT @VSliitto: Vaikuta EU:n Itämeristrategiaan! @VSliitto ja @CentrumBalticum kokoavat alueen toimijoiden näkemyksiä Itämeristrategiasta, jo…

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15.01.2019 11:58 BALEX RT @HELCOMInfo: How well do you really know the #HelsinkiConvention? On the occasion of its anniversary on 17 January, we are offering a qu…


Saara Ilvessalo
LL.M., Coordinator
Baltic Area Legal Studies BALEX
+358 400 809 822
Vanha Suurtori 7
20500 Turku, Finland

Henrik Ringbom
BALEX Research Coordinator
Adjunct Professor (Docent) in maritime law and the law of the sea
+358 40 763 10 71
Department of Law
Åbo Akademi University